M9710 MYCOPHENOLIC ACID 24280-93-1
White or Off-white crystalline powder
DMSO, Ethanol, Methanol, DCM. Insoluble in water
Mycophenolic acid exhibits immunosuppressive, antiviral, and anticancer activities. Mycophenolic acid inhibits B cell activation and decreases the number of plasmablasts in clinical subjects with systemic lupus erythmatosus (SLE). Mycophenolic acid also induces necrotic cell death in B and T lymphocytes in a Cdc42- and actin polymerization-mediated manner. In other cellular models, mycophenolic acid decreases levels of TGF-β and ROS and suppresses synthesis of extracellular matrix components, decreasing proliferation of mesangial cells. In breast cancer cells, mycophenolic acid activates peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARγ), increasing lipid accumulation and cell size and inducing cell cycle arrest. Derivatives of mycophenolic acid inhibit histone deacetylases (HDACs) and suppress tubulin polymerization. Mycophenolic acid also inhibits inosine monophosphate dehydrogenase (IMPDH), inhibiting the NAD+/NADH conversion and decreasing intracellular stores of GTP.
Rinaldelli E, Panattoni A, Luvisi A, et al. Effect of mycophenolic acid on trans-plasma membrane electron transport and electric potential in virus-infected plant tissue. Plant Physiol Biochem. 2012 Nov;60:137-40. PMID: 22935477.
Eickenberg S, Mickholz E, Jung E, et al. Mycophenolic acid counteracts B cell proliferation and plasmablast formation in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. Arthritis Res Ther. 2012;14(3):R110. PMID: 22571761.
Zheng ZH, Yang Y, Lu XH, et al. Mycophenolic acid induces adipocyte-like differentiation and reversal of malignancy of breast cancer cells partly through PPARγ. Eur J Pharmacol. 2011 May 1;658(1):1-8. PMID: 21349264.
Huh KH, Ahn HJ, Park J, et al. Mycophenolic acid inhibits oleic acid-induced mesangial cell activation through both cellular reactive oxygen species and inosine monophosphate dehydrogenase 2 pathways. Pediatr Nephrol. 2009 Apr;24(4):737-45. PMID: 19093139.
Chaigne-Delalande B, Guidicelli G, Couzi L, et al. The immunosuppressor mycophenolic acid kills activated lymphocytes by inducing a nonclassical actin-dependent necrotic signal. J Immunol. 2008 Dec 1;181(11):7630-8. PMID: 19017951.